In 1954 [Richard] Adler collaborated with Jerry Ross on the music and lyrics for The Pajama Game, a light comedy about management-worker relations at the Sleep-Tite pajama factory. The score featured one of their biggest hits, Hernando’s Hideaway, a torrid tango which enjoyed chart success both in the US and Britain.
The pair resumed their professional partnership on Damn Yankees, a 1950s take on the Faustian pact, in which a rabid baseball fan sells his soul to the Devil in exchange for a chance to lead his favourite team to American League glory. The show included the hit songs You Gotta Have Heart and Whatever Lola Wants, Lola Gets.
Both shows ran for more than 1,000 performances, both transferred to London, and both won Tony awards for best musical.